Radioelectric Spectrum Policy in Europe
Radio or wireless technology is key in many technological areas such as Satellite Navigation Systems (GNSS), Intelligent Transportation, Internet of Things (IoT), drones (RPAS), etc.
This increase in the use of wireless interfaces in our daily lives has caused the radio spectrum to increase both new technologies and standards and the use of frequency bands.
Taking into account that the radioelectric spectrum is a natural and limited resource, it has become necessary to have greater control and surveillance over it, in order to allow the coexistence of the different existing technologies without forgetting the reasons of public health.
This control is carried out through two mechanisms:
1.- The management of the radio spectrum.
Since the radioelectric spectrum is a public domain property, its ownership and administration correspond to the State in its ordering.
In Spain, it is the responsibility of the Secretary of State for the Information Society and the Digital Agenda, whose function is the attribution of bands and the allocation of radio spectrum frequencies.
This ordering of the spectrum in Spain is included in the National Table of Frequency Attribution (CNAF), which contains the use reserved for each of the frequency bands in which the radioelectric spectrum available for radiocommunications is divided, between 8.3 kHz and 3000 GHz.
The CNAF is the transposition to the Spanish legal system of the attribution of frequency bands and radio services derived from the agreements adopted in international organizations such as the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), the United Nations agency where the uses of radio frequencies are decided. different frequency bands, as well as their conditions, the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) and the European Union itself.
The CNAF is published in the BOE and can be consulted on the website of the Secretary of State for the Information Society and the Digital Agenda.
In Europe, the principle of a harmonized European frequency allocation and application framework was adopted as a strategic framework for use of the radio spectrum in Europe. To access the information on the frequency assignment in Europe, the EFIS tool is available.
2.- The mandatory CE marking in compliance with European directives that are used in this type of equipment.
The protection of the radio spectrum is established as an essential requirement of the radio directive 2014/53 / EU (RED Directive), regarding the harmonization of the laws of the Member States on the commercialization of radio equipment, which establishes that radio equipment they shall be manufactured in such a way as to make and favor an efficient use of the radioelectric spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference.
The verification of compliance with this essential requirement of the directive is done through the harmonized standards that are carried out and published by ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) by mandate of the European Community and that provide technical details to be fulfilled by the different existing technologies .tandards Institute).
The importance of standardizing this type of radio interface parameters is to avoid interferences between different technologies and as we had previously commented for reasons of public health.
To verify that the equipment makes efficient use of the radio spectrum Alter Technology TÜV NORD can provide you with the EU type examination certification for the new Radio Equipment Directive (RED), 2014/53 / EU thanks to its designation as notified body for this directive and also, in its testing laboratory, we can offer our customers a wide range of services including, among others, radio spectrum protection tests for products under the RED directive, in accordance with the scope of accreditation ENAC 345 / LE808 Rev 24
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