This document, RPAS Concept of Operations (CONOPS), describes the operations of RPAS in European Airspace that can meet the requirements set per airspace classification including Very Low Level (VLL) operations. The CONOPS is presented from an air traffic management (ATM) perspective and is fully complemental to the EASA CONOPS.
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In Germany, the civil operation of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) in principle requires permission of the authorities according to the German Aviation Regulation's provisions on RPAS published in January 2010 (German Aviation Regulation (LuftVO) Article 15a, 16 and 16a) and is regulated according the MTOM of the vehicle (above or below 25 Kg.) This document was developed exclusively to regulate aircrafts below 25 Kg, flying below 100 meters of ceiling and operating in VLOS. Future modifications of this regulation are expected soon.
Law 1036/2017 was recently approved, and was officially published in the last BOE of 2017. This document stablishes a less restricted regulatory framework in Spain. An important modification is referred to the identification label, which must be fireproof and fixed in the aerial vehicle containing relevant information. Specially for operators, this new law remarks the obligation to adapt their documentation to pass possible inspections in the future. Their figure is also remarked as the responsible of the RPAs airworthiness maintenance ensuring the right function of the vehicle in any operation. They must also create a data record procedure to keep save the information about flights, technical problems, and maintenance activities.
Law 18/2014 approves some urgent measures for the growth, competitiveness, and efficiency, and established that a RPA is, indeed, an aircraft and its civil operation must be regulated by the civil aeronautical legislation. This document offers an important vision about the necessary requirements to perform a safe operation or activity.