Assessment of Commercial Optical Amplifiers for Potential use in Space Applications
Juan Barbero (1), Michel Sotom (2), Benoit Benaze t(2), Ignacio Esquivias (3), Francisco José López Hernández (3)
(1) Alter Technology Group Spain, Majada 3, 28760 Tres Cantos (Spain), (2) Thales Alenia Space France, 26, av. J-F. Champollion – BP 1187,31037 Toulouse Cedex1(France), E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail : email@example.com (3) Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Telecomunicación Avenida Complutense s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid (Spain)
This paper describes the activities and results of an ESA-funded project concerned with the assessment of optical amplifier technologies and products for applications in fiber optic subsystems of future satellite payloads. On-board applications are briefly introduced, together with associated system-level requirements. Optical amplifier technologies, research achievements and products are reviewed. They are compared in terms of current performance, perspectives and suitability for the target space applications. Optical fibre amplifiers, not limited to Erbium-doped amplifiers, Erbium-doped waveguide amplifiers and Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers are covered. The review includes analysis and trade-off of all performance parameters including saturation output power, noise figure, polarisation maintaining capability, wall-plug efficiency, and mass and size. A selection of optical amplifier products for further evaluation and testing is presented. Results of extensive testing covering both functional performance and environmental behaviour (mechanical, thermal vacuum, radiations) aspects are reported. Most of the work has been completed, but an extension has been proposed for checking and comparing the behaviour of doped fibers under gamma radiation.