Seal Test, Fine & Gross Leak
The purpose of the seal test is to determine the effectiveness of the sealing of components with internal cavities, i.e. to determine their hermeticity. Defective sealing may permit the entrance of contaminants, thus reducing the effective life and reliability of devices.
There are two hermeticity testing techniques: fine leak and gross leak tests.
Fine leak is performed using suitable pressure and vacuum chambers and a mass-spectrometer-type leak detector calibrated for helium. Samples are placed in a sealed chamber pressurized with pure helium. The pressure and test condition are decided depending on the volume of the device cavity. The samples are then analyzed by the leak detector for presence of helium, which would be an indication of the existence of a leak.
Fine leak test equipment
- Gross leak. The sample is dipped in low density freon liquid and after that immersed in a higher density high temperature freon bath. If the hermeticity of the sample is not adequate, low density freon enters the sample, and consequently escapes as the sample is immersed in the second bath. The test results are photographed.
These tests are performed in accordance with MIL-STD standards (MIL-STD-202-112 and MIL-STD-883, method 1014).